Recent Center for the Blue Economy News
The San Diego Regional Climate Collaborative Economic Vulnerability Study
The Center for the Blue Economy will partner with the San Diego Regional Climate Collaborative to create an Economic Vulnerability Study for the San Diego region. Using sea level rise and storm scenarios that are estimated by the U.S. Geological Survey’s Coastal Storms Modeling Systems, the Center for the Blue Economy will estimate the economic impacts of flooding for three scenarios and two time periods: 2015 and 2050. The scenarios will focus on reductions in employment, output, and income that directly and indirectly result from a single major flooding event as well as an assessment of how the economy may evolve over time given repetitive flooding. This approach represents two important innovations in understanding climate change.
Welcome to new Senior Fellow: Wallace J. Nichols
Dr. Wallace "J." Nichols is an innovative, silo-busting, entrepreneurial scientist, movement maker, renown marine biologist, voracious Earth and idea explorer, wild water advocate, bestselling author, and sought after lecturer. His experiences as a field research scientist, government consultant, and founder and director of numerous businesses and nonprofit organizations all support his quest to build a stronger and more diverse blue movement. The Center for the Blue Economy is pleased to announce a new partnership with J. as he takes on the title of Senior Fellow that will include joint initiatives in the pursuit of a sustainable blue economy.
Congratulations to Dr. Isao Sakaguchi Awarded a Pew Marine Fellowship!
The Pew marine fellows program was created to seek solutions to the problems affecting the world’s oceans. It is competitive and prestigious, and we are so pleased the Center for the Blue Economy Visiting Scholar Dr. Isao Sakaguchi has been awarded this three year grant to support his work on sustainable fisheries policy in Japan. Dr. Sakaguchi will compare Japan’s fishery management policies with those of nations that have switched to or are transitioning to sustainable management.
Congratulations to Dr. Judy Kildow and the National Ocean Economics Program!
Dr. Judy Kildow is the founder and Director of the Center for the Blue Economy's National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP). The recent NOEP "State of the US Ocean and Coastal Economies--2016 Update," was featured as one of Seven Influential Reports of 2016 in Green Biz News. In addition, Dr. Kildow who has been a thought leader in Arctic economics, was selected to be Series Editor for Anthem Press for a new Special Series on the Arctic. The series, not formally named yet, will focus on sustainability and will reflect a much needed speeding up of publications from the usual university press schedule of 3+ years to one year.
Congratulations to Dr. Brendan Kelly on an Arctic Policy Victory!
You may have heard about outgoing President Obama's ban on offshore oil drilling in the Arctic, but you may not know that Dr. Brendan Kelly, who serves a dual role as Center for the Blue Economy Senior Fellow and Executive Director of the Study of Environmental Arctic Change or SEARCH, had a role in making that policy happen. Dr. Kelly served as Assistant Director for Polar Science in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy under President Obama, and currently serves on the National Academy of Sciences’ Polar Research Board. He made numerous presentations to lawmakers, most recently in November, to highlight the fragile and rapidly changing Arctic environment. We congratulate Dr. Kelly on this policy victory, and his dedication to sound policy, sound science, and science communication.
Welcome Dr. Michael Orbach as Senior Fellow
The Center for the Blue Economy welcomes Dr. Mike Orbach, Professor Emeritus of Marine Affairs and Policy in the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University, as Senior Fellow. Mike has performed research and has been involved in coastal and marine policy on all coasts of the U.S. and in Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, Southeast Asia, Europe, Alaska and the Pacific, and has published widely on social science and policy in coastal and marine environments. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the National Sea Grant College Program, the Ocean Conservancy, and is a member of the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority Science and Engineering Board that is overseeing the development of the 2017 Louisiana Coastal Master Plan. We look forward to working with Dr. Orbach collaboratively in the coming years.
Learn More: Dr. Michael Orbach Profile Page
The 2016 Center for the Blue Economy Impact Report
The Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) celebrated its fifth birthday this year, and we took a look back at what we have accomplished. The CBE 2016 Impact Report, created by the Middlebury Advancement Office does a great job of succinctly stating our victories and research goals. (One note: they gave us way too much credit for closure of the Marina sand plant, which is not yet closed.) We reflect on a number of initiatives that made an impact in the world, and goals yet to accomplish in 2017 and beyond.
The Economics of Coastal Climate Adaptation
A new special edition of the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics is now available: Volume 3, Issue 2—The Economics of Coastal Climate Change Adaptation. This edition addresses the economic issues involved in the planning and implementation of strategies to adapt to climate change effects in coastal regions, with particular focus on sea level rise. This is a field which has received very little attention in the general economic discussion of climate change and we hope this special edition will catalyze a broad range of new research and policy discussions.
California Sea Grant--Measurement of Risk and Uncertainty
The Center for the Blue Economy has been recommended for an award of $60,000 from the California Sea Grant program to work on a project to help the Southern Monterey Bay and similar communities plan for sea level rise. The study will provide a model and techniques for communities to structure adaptation strategies, combined with economic analysis and community based process. This project will investigate and design a process for choosing coastal adaptation strategies that more explicitly measure the risks associated with decisions about adaptation in ways that are accessible and useful to non-expert stakeholders and decision makers. The area of study will be Southern Monterey Bay, but the model will be adaptable to other coastal cities. This study follows on the heels of our recent report, “Economic Impacts of Climate Adaptation Strategies for Southern Monterey Bay,” prepared by the Nature Conservancy, the Center for the Blue Economy and other environmental partners. The Measurement of Risk and Uncertainty project is slated to start in Feb. 2017.
Learn More: CA Sea Grant Study
The Center for the Blue Economy Celebrates Five Years
The Middlebury Institute’s Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) celebrated its fifth anniversary at a lively event this week, fittingly held at a Cannery Row location overlooking the Monterey Bay. “Today, the CBE is conducting work on every continent and every ocean, partnering with the most influential ocean conservation organizations in the world, and empowering people to care for our vital blue economy,” said CBE Director Jason Scorse, who shared some of the center’s key accomplishments with the assembled crowd of alumni and supporters. “We make the most current data about ocean economic values available to the people, communities, and governments stewarding our ocean environment.”
New Academic Program Opportunity: Arctic Policy and Governance Educational Partnership
Thanks to the efforts of Center for the Blue Economy Senior Fellow Dr. Brendan Kelly (Arctic expert for more than 40 years), a new, innovative collaboration between MIIS, the University of Alaska at Fairbanks, NOAA, the State of Alaska, and indigenous organizations is set to take off in Feb. 2017. The project seeks to enhance the effectiveness of Arctic policy and governance by advancing new approaches to the policy-science-indigenous knowledge interface. The internship provides the opportunity for two MIIS students (congratulations Sorina Seeley and Megan Godfrey) to lead this relationship building effort, while getting academic credit through the International Professional Service Semester program, and getting paid through a NOAA grant.
Learn more: Arctic Policy and Governance Internship
Historic First: White House Arctic Science Ministerial Meeting
On September 28, 2016, science ministers from across the globe gathered in Washington, DC, for the first-ever White House Arctic Science Ministerial meeting. Dr. Brendan Kelly, CBE Senior Fellow and Executive Director of the Study of Environmental Arctic Change gave one of four keynote addresses.
Learn more: White House Arctic Science Ministerial Meeting
Welcome Dr. Isao Sakaguchi
Dr. Isao Sakaguchi joined the Center for the Blue Economy as a Visiting Scholar in October of 2016. He is Chair of the Department of Political Studies and Professor of International Relations with the Faculty of Law at Gakushuin University in Tokyo, Japan. Dr. Sakaguchi will be researching issues of seafood traceability in the course of his 18 month appointment with the CBE. His research will provide a rich policy guidance for those who govern, sponsor and promote seafood certification schemes by providing know-how to set stringency, engage in meta-governance efforts, and to adjust them to changing circumstances.We are so pleased to welcome Dr. Sakaguchi and his family to Monterey!
Learn more: Dr. Isao Sakaguchi
The Second Annual Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium is being held October 23-30, 2016 in Tianjin, China. Dr. Charles Colgan, Director of Research at the Center for the Blue Economy and Ms. Monica Galligan, Adjunct Professor at MIIS are attending. The momentum we began by hosting the first annual Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium in October of 2015 has led to a continued effort on the part of many nations to ensure the economic value that oceans and coasts bring is accurately accounted for, and sustainably managed. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) will host the Third Annual Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium in France, 2017.
Learn more: Oceans in National Income Accounts
The Center for the Blue Economy Applauds: Coastal Wetlands and Flood Damage Reduction Report
A new report produced by UC Santa Cruz, The Nature Conservancy, the Wildlife Conservation Society and developed in association with Risk Management Solutions, Guy Carpenter & Company has revealed crucial economic data supporting the effectiveness of natural barriers to climate change risks. "Coastal Wetlands and Flood Damage Reduction: Using Risk Industry-based Models to Assess Natural Defenses in the Northeastern USA," quantifies the connection between coastal wetlands and property damage from Hurricane Sandy and other storms and identifies how the value of wetlands could be better reflected in insurance models and decisions. Some interesting findings emerge:
*It is estimated that during Hurricane Sandy, temperate coastal wetlands saved more than $625 million in flood damages. Where they remain, wetlands reduced damages by more than 10% on average.
*In Ocean County, New Jersey, salt marsh conservation can significantly reduce average annual flood losses by more than 20%.
Learn more: The project was principally supported by the Lloyd’s Tercentenary Research Foundation and all of the work (including a fact sheet, blog and video) is available on www.lloyds.com/coastalresilience
Dr. Jason Scorse Attends the State Department "Our Oceans" Conference
The Our Ocean conferences focus on the key ocean issues of our time – marine protected areas, sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, and climate-related impacts on the ocean. Participants in the third Our Ocean conference, held September 15-16, 2016 in Washington, D.C., announced over 136 new initiatives on marine conservation and protection valued at more than $5.24 billion, as well as new commitments on the protection of almost four million square kilometers (over 1.5 million square miles) of the ocean. Dr. Jason Scorse, Director of the Center for the Blue Economy was in attendance, and had the pleasure of hearing an unannounced special guest speaker--President Barak Obama.
Learn more: Our Oceans Conference 2016
Dr. Scorse to Speak at Climate Change Summit
On Thursday, October 27, Dr. Jason Scorse, Director of The Center of the Blue Economy, will give a talk entitled "The Wicked Problem of Climate Change Economics" as part of the Monterey Bay Regional Climate Action Compact's third climate summit. His speech will focus on economics, oceans and coastal sustainability in the Monterey Bay.
Learn more: Monterey Bay Regional Climate Action Summit
Candidate Clinton Reveals What She Will Do for the Ocean
August 30th, 2016: Courtesy of Press Release by David Helvarg of the Blue Frontier Campaign
In response to a letter sent by 115 ocean leaders (including CBE Director, Dr. Jason Scorse) to the leading presidential candidates, Secretary Clinton has released a two-page response on what she will do to protect our coast and ocean. With just over two months until the election this marks the first time in the campaign where a candidate has fully addressed the daunting issues confronting America’s public seas.
Special Edition of Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics: Oceans in National Income Accounts
The Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics has recently completed, "Special Issue: Volume 2, Issue 2 (2016): Oceans and National Income Accounts: An International Perspective." This volume represents a step forward on international consensus to create a standardized set of measurements for the ocean economies around the world. This special issue presents the papers from an international symposium organized by the Center for the Blue Economy in October 2015. Twenty-six representatives from the ten nations joined in what was a truly unprecedented discussion.
Arctic Alerts Media Roundtable
Dr. Brendan Kelly led a team of scientists that made presentations at a Media Roundtable on July 13th, 2016 at the National Press Club in Washington DC. His team helped to raise awareness both in the press and on capitol hill regarding the issue of rapid arctic change. Presentations included:
Diminishing Arctic sea ice; local and global consequences- Walt Meier (NASA)
Northern Hemisphere snow cover; trends and implications - Dave Robinson (Rutgers University)
Melting ice sheets and rising sea levels - Marco Tedesco (Columbia University)
Thawing permafrost and global climate- Ted Schuur (Northern Arizona University)
Atmospheric response to a warming Arctic- Jennifer Francis (Rutgers University)
How Will the Monterey Bay Adapt to Sea-Level Rise?
The southern Monterey Bay shore is losing sand faster than any other shoreline in California. Regional decision makers are tasked with taking that fact into account,while anticipating a rise in sea-level of between 4 and 8.8 inches in the next 14 years, and 2.8 to 5.2 feet in the next 84 years.
Enter the groundbreaking study, “Economic Impacts of Climate Adaptation Strategies for Southern Monterey Bay,” prepared by the Nature Conservancy in collaboration with affiliates of the Center for the Blue Economy and other environmental partners. It is the first comprehensive study of its kind to compare a suite of possible adaptation strategies to combat accelerating coastal erosion in the face of climate change. The study looks at two different sea-level rise scenarios, four to five different adaptation possibilities, and here is the groundbreaking part—gives a detailed cost/benefit analysis of each possible strategy, looking long-term to 2030, 2060, and 2100. One particularly interesting finding emerges: “In all cases the least economically beneficial alternative, especially over the long-term, involved shoreline armoring,” the study finds.
Climate Adaptation: A planning guide for New England states, an example for all states
The Center for the Blue Economy in collaboration with the University of Southern Maine and the New England Environmental Finance Center has published a climate adaptation planning guide for New England states that could be an example for any state in the union. “Climate Adaptation and Resiliency Planning for New England Communities: First Steps and Next Steps,” co-authored by Dr. Charles Colgan, Director of Research at the Center for the Blue Economy, lays out a systematic approach for dealing with the increasing unpredictability of flooding and inundation in riverine and coastal communities.
Shaping the Blue Economy: Leveraging the Oceans for Sustainable Wealth, Globally
On June 8th, 2016, World Oceans Day, our own Dr. Charles Colgan wrote Shaping the Blue Economy: Leveraging the Oceans for Sustainable Wealth, Globally which was featured on the Louis Bacon blog. Dr. Charles Colgan is the Director of Research for the Center for the Blue Economy and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics. Louis Bacon is the founder of the Moore Charitable Foundation, and his blog is dedicated to uplifting environmental issues.
Dr. Jason Scorse quoted in a National Geographic article
"Industrialization of the oceans: Is it time to dive into the “blue economy”?," was written by Carl Safina of the Safina Center, and appeared in National Geographic's blog Voices: Ocean Views on May 27, 2016. Dr. Scorse has a great quote in the article: “There’s a really interesting paradox, the things we think are precious and most sacred are actually the things that need price tags the most.”
Dr. Charles Colgan featured on KION News Channel 5
In response to a recent Nature Conservancy report detailing sea level rise scenarios and adaptation strategies for the southern Monterey Bay, KION interviewed Kimberly Cole, City of Monterey Chief of Planning and Environmental Compliance, as well as our own Dr. Charles Colgan, Director of Research regarding coastal erosion concerns in Monterey.
Ocean Satellite Accounts: The Center for the Blue Economy signs MOU with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
You've heard of "Ocean Satellite Accounts," right? No? Well, that could be because they do not exist--yet. Market sectors such as Healthcare, Energy and Agriculture have special "satellite accounts" monitored by the US Bureau of Economics Analysis, which provide important details of those industrial sectors to more accurately estimate their values. There is no such thing for the oceans, although according to the National Ocean Economics Program's State of the U.S. Ocean and Coastal Economies, 2016 Update, "The Ocean Economy in 2013 generated a larger share of the U.S. economy than other major natural resource industries, including farming, food products, oil and gas extraction, and forest products." A new Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the Center for the Blue Economy and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute aims to jointly develop a proposal to assist the US government in the creation of an "Ocean Satellite Account" as part of the National Income and Product Accounts maintained by the Bureau of Economic Analysis, in collaboration with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
The Center for the Blue Economy collaborates with the World Wildlife Foundation on the "Arctic Blue Economy"
The World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) is collaborating with the Center for the Blue Economy to develop a report on economic trends in the Arctic Ocean’s “Blue Economy,” i.e. economic activity related to marine and coastal regions and maritime-related sectors. The intent of the report is to make a case for stronger policy to ensure a more sustainable approach to marine-based economic development in the Arctic, at the national and regional level. The target audience is principally policy decision makers in all Arctic Council countries. The final report is due out at the end of September.
The Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) is collaborating with the Nature Conservancy (TNC) on a study called, "Methods of Incorporating Ecosystem Service Values in Disaster Finance Instruments." This project will examine rapidly evolving financial innovations and broadening understanding of ecosystem services valuation to identify innovations in financing that could support conservation of ecosystems for reducing risks from climate change and sea level rise to coastal regions. The Center for the Blue Economy will identify current and prospective means of financing the conservation, restoration, or enhancement of coastal ecosystems that can be used to reduce risks to lives and property from climate change, particularly sea level rise. TNC will identify characteristics of coastal ecosystems/functions that are most likely to reduce risk from climate change. CBE and TNC jointly will select one to three coastal sites as case studies (at least one of which shall be in a developing country) for the application of a feasibility matrix. A final draft report is due in December of 2016.
Dr. Brendan Kelly, CBE Senior Fellow and Executive Director of SEARCH: the Study of Environmental Arctic Change, will be a part of the 2016 Polar Prediction Workshop hosted by the Sea Ice Prediction Network, May 4-6, 2016 at Columbia University.Read More
Coastal Marketplace: Innovative Research for Market-Based Coastal Development
The California Coastal Commission has a tough job: balance the demands of coastal development with responsible environmental policy. Enter the "Coastal Marketplace" research project, a collaboration between the Center for the Blue Economy and the Nature Conservancy. The project tests the logic of two market-based land use tools: transferable development rights and credit trading. (Think carbon cap and trade.)
The Chumash National Marine Sanctuary is close to approval
In September of 2014, Dr. Judith Kildow (Director of the National Ocean Economics Program) and Dr. Jason Scorse (Director of the Center for the Blue Economy) produced a report for the Sierra Club entitled The Potential Economic Impacts of the Proposed Central Coast National Marine Sanctuary, which earned widespread local support. If approved by NOAA, this will be the first new marine sanctuary in California in over 20 years, and would protect some of the state's most precious marine resources that fall outside of the existing sanctuary system.
The Center for the Blue Economy applauds the California Coastal Commission for action against CEMEX
"In a letter sent March 17, the California Coastal Commission informed Cemex that it must shut down its sand mining operation in Marina, or face formal cease and desist and restoration order proceedings as well as administrative penalties," says reporter David Schmalz in a Monterey County Weekly article posted March 18th.
While the CBE does not support any specific pieces of legislation, it has been clear for many years that the negative economic impacts of the Lapis Sand Mine are much greater than the benefits; therefore, the Coastal Commission's actions will provide net economic benefits to the greater Monterey Bay Region.
Dr. Charles Colgan, Director of Research at the Center for the Blue Economy offered testimony as to the economic impact of continued sand loss and beach erosion in the Monterey Bay before State Assemblyman Mark Stone (D-Scotts Valley). Reporter Jim Johnson of the Monterey Herald captures the proceedings in his article posted March 18th.
Dr. Charles Colgan, Director of Research at the Center for the Blue Economy was featured in a KAZU radio article by Amy McDermot which aired on March 18, 2016. Citing the National Ocean Economics Program State of the U.S. Ocean and Coastal Economies 2016 Update, McDermot notes that,"marine industries like aquaculture, tourism, and offshore mineral exploration are booming as people flock to coastal cities. But overall, federal spending on the oceans, from research funding to hazard mitigation, has fallen by almost a billion dollars since 2012."
Victory! Obama administration reverses course on Atlantic off-shore oil drilling
In early 2015, the Obama administration approved a five-year plan to allow off-shore oil drilling along the Atlantic coast. The decision was prompted in part by a report from oil-industry backed report by Quest Offshore Resources Inc., which claimed huge economic benefits from the drilling. Late in 2015, the Center for the Blue Economy created a study for the Southern Environmental Law Center that countered those claims. Many news stories have cited the study and statistics from the National Ocean Economics Program in opposition to the decision. On March 15th, the Obama administration reversed course, and the Atlantic seaboard is safe from off-shore oil drilling for the moment. This is a huge victory for coastal communities, and the Center for the Blue Economy is proud to have indirectly been a part of outcome.
*Read the entire Center for the Blue Economy study: The Economic Effects of Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Exploration and Development in the South Atlantic Region:Issues and Assessment
*"Pushed hard by opponents, Obama administration reverses, says no new drilling off SE Atlantic Coast," Daily Kos article, March 15, 2016
*"In a huge win for coastal communities, Obama drops plans for Atlantic drilling," Environment America article, March 15, 2016
*"Obama Administration Drops Plans for Drilling Off NC Coast," Public News Service article, March 16, 2016
In March of 2016, Dr. Michael Vincent McGinnis, Associate Professor in the International Environmental Policy Studies Program at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, published Science and Sensibility: Negotiating an Ecology of Place, with the University of California Press. Science and Sensibility argues that if humans are to understand and discover ways of addressing complex social and ecological problems, we first need to find intimacy with our particular places and communities. Cultivating a relationship to place often includes a negotiating process that involves both science and sensibility. While science is one key part of an adaptive and resilient society, the cultivation of a renewed sense of place and community is essential as well.
Dr. Kelly, CBE Senior Fellow and Executive Director of the Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH), attended the Arctic Sciences Summit in Fairbanks, Alaska March 12-18, 2016. He participated in a joint meeting of this impressive group (pictured to the left):
National Academy of Sciences Polar Research Board (on which he serves)
U.S. Arctic Research Commission
European Polar Board
Polar Knowledge Canada
Asian Forum for Polar Sciences, and
Russia's Federal Center for Arctic Studies
Upon his return, he spoke at a public lecture on March 29th entitled "The Arctic in the Mirror: Closer than It Appears," with 100 people in attendance, and co-taught a two-weekend course starting April 1 entitled "The Changing Arctic: Ecosystems, Economy, and Geopolitics." Not slowing down one bit, he's back to Fairbanks April 12th to present at the International Arctic Research Center, and then off to New Hampshire to participate in a meeting of the Advisory Committee for the School of Marine Science and Ocean Engineering, University of New Hampshire on 21 and 22 April.
Ocean Satellite Accounts--Measuring Ocean Value
Dr. Judith Kildow, National Ocean Economics Program Director at the Center for the Blue Economy, was an invited speaker at a Bicameral Ocean Caucus panel on Capitol Hill on March 1, 2016. Monterey’s Congressional Representative Sam Farr, founder of the House Ocean Caucus, organized the event together with Senator Sheldon Whitehouse from Rhode Island, founder of the Senate Ocean Caucus.
Dr. Charles Colgan will be in New Orleans, Louisiana March 20-22 attending the "Challenges of Natural Resource Economics and Policy, 5th National Forum on Socioeconomic Research in Coastal Systems," hosted by the Center for Natural Resource Economics & Policy at Louisiana State University.
"Presidential candidates will face drilling questions in South Carolina primary," Miami Herald article, January 21, 2016
"50 coastal leaders urge Obama to end Atlantic oil drilling in a day of lobbying in Washington, DC.," The State article, January 27, 2016
"1000 Atlantic businesses now against offshore drilling," Environment America article, February 16, 2016
CBE's National Ocean Economics Program 2016 update gets press, Sam Farr comments
A Monterey Herald article posted on February 22nd highlights the findings of the National Ocean Economics Program 2016 update. Sam Farr also weighs in stating,"This report is the first time people have been able to put solid economic numbers on these environmental and marine issues.”
Dr. Charles Colgan, CBE's Director of Research and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics attended the Social Coast Forum. The focus was on understanding people—where they live, what they do, what they value—as an important part of successful coastal management. Keynote and plenary sessions focused on the application and integration of social science in coastal decision-making. Participants discussed the use of social science tools, data, and methods to address issues such as climate change, land use planning, ecosystem services, and human uses of the oceans.
Are the economy and climate on a collision course?
New data on the economic health of the ocean and coastal economies suggest that future growth will largely take place in the narrow band of coastal lands threatened by climate change and sea level rise. The forecast is contained in the latest report from the National Ocean Economic Program (NOEP), a unit of the Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, CA.
A report from oil industry backed Quest Offshore Resources Inc. claimed that opening the Atlantic outer continental shelf to oil and natural gas exploration could generate nearly 280,000 jobs and contribute up to $23.5 billion a year to the U.S. economy by 2035. A Center for the Blue Economy report prepared for the Southern Environmental Law Center disputes those claims. This Mrytle Beach Online news article (Dec. 22) takes a look at the differences, and this Washington Post article (Dec 20) digs into the background and politics of offshore oil drilling in the east coast Atlantic area. Full study to posted to our website soon.
Congressman Sam Farr Congratulates the Center for the Blue Economy
Congressman Sam Farr sent the Center for the Blue Economy a letter of thanks for report we prepared showing each member of the influential U.S. Space, Science and Technology Committee what the ocean means for their district in economic terms. The timing of this report is especially important as Congressman Farr along with Don Young (R-AK) and Lois Capps (D-CA) introduced H.R. 2717, the Federal Ocean Acidification Research and Monitoring (FOARAM) Act to expand NOAA’s efforts. “The strength of our economy is directly tied to the health of our oceans,” said Rep. Farr in an article on his website.
Dr. Wallace "J." Nichols presentation on his book "Blue Mind," co-sponsored by the Center for the Blue Economy and the Wahine Project
Here at the Center for the Blue Economy, we love J. Nichols, author of Blue Mind: The Surprising Science That Shows How Being Near, In, On, or Under Water Can Make You Happier, Healthier, More Connected, and Better at What You Do. We also support The Wahine Project, an advocacy group empowering young women to connect to the ocean. When we got the opportunity on December 5th to co-sponsor a lecture, presentation and book signing that allowed Dr. Nichols to share the many ways in which water positively impacts not only our lives, but our minds, we were delighted. About 50 people joined the intimate reception and gathering held in the McGowan Building. Learn more: Dr. Wallace J. Nichols and the Blue Mind Project and The Wahine Project
An Evening with Deborah Cramer, Author of The Narrow Edge: A Tiny Bird, An Ancient Crab, & An Epic Journey
On November 3rd, the Center for the Blue economy hosted Deborah Cramer, author and environmental activist to discuss her new book: The Narrow Edge: A Tiny Bird, an Ancient Crab, and an Epic Journey. Deborah accompanied tiny sandpipers, called red knots, along their extraordinary 19,000 mile annual migration. She tracked the birds on remote windswept beaches along the Strait of Magellan; bug-infested hunting preserves and gleaming oyster banks in South Carolina; and onto the icy Arctic tundra where they nest. In this lecture and slideshow presentation, Deborah gave her firsthand account of the tenacity of life along the sea edge, and an inspiring portrait of loss, resilience and renewal, and the courage of humans. Learn more about Deborah and access video of the lecture here: Deborah Cramer, Center for the Blue Economy presentation.
The Center for the Blue Economy partners with Surfrider Foundation and Ocean Film Festival to host a screening of Sand Wars
On November 4th, the CBE hosted a screening of the documentary "Sand Wars" in the Irvine Auditorium. The film points out a critical issue for our coasts, namely the disappearance of beaches and entire communities because of a combination of unbridled extraction of ocean sand and the trapping of sediment behind dams. Dr. Gary Griggs of UCSC is featured in the film, and talks about CEMEX, the sand extraction company based right here in Monterey Bay. It is the only sand plant in the country, and collects roughly 200,000 tons of sand from our protected marine environment each year, potentially disrupting the natural re-nourishing of Monterey beaches and costing millions in eroded beaches and lost tourist revenue. Two MIIS-CBE graduate students have written a working paper about the potential non-market costs of the CEMEX plant: "Lapis Sand Dollars." The film was followed by a panel discussion including Dr. Jason Scorse, Director of the Center for the Blue Economy. Learn more: Sand Wars; Monterey County Weekly article on CEMEX, its history and current state of opposition to the mine.
La Maestra (The Teacher): Film Screening Presented by the Wahine Project and the Center for the Blue Economy
On November 18th, the CBE partnered with the Wahine Project, an advocacy group empowering young women to connect to the ocean, to screen three surf related short-films. La Maestra profiles Mayra Agulair, a teacher in a tiny fishing village in Baja, Mexico, who decides to follow her own path by becoming the first Mexican woman in her area to surf, and in doing so she becomes an environmental advocate, changing her community's expectations of what's appropriate for women. This film and two others were shown in a series called “Tres Leches: 3 Tasty Surf Films from South of the Border.” A panel discussion with the filmmakers followed the screening. Learn more: Tres Leches and Wahine Project
The Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) Advisory Council met for their annual fall meeting November 20-22, 2015. The twelve member Council represents a wealth of knowledge and depth of experience in ocean and coastal sustainability that is unique and exciting. With backgrounds ranging from marine science to policy to business, the Council will help to shape the future of CBE. Learn more: Advisory Council Member Profiles
Hero of the Planet: Sylvia Earle Inspires the Monterey Bay Community
On October 21st, legendary oceanographer, inventor, explorer and author Dr. Sylvia Earle came to the Middlebury Institute of International Studies to spend some time with the Monterey Bay community. First, she spent an hour with MIIS students in Ocean and Coastal Resource Management concentration of the International Environmental Policies Studies program, asking them what they are doing to help the planet. After a brief reception for our students, faculty and staff, Dr. Earle joined 253 community members in the Irvine Auditorium for a screening of Mission Blue, a documentary about her extraordinary life. Taking to the stage acknowledged by thunderous applause and a standing ovation. She answered questions ranging from "What gives you hope for the future of the oceans," to "What can we as individuals do to help." Dr. Earle spoke passionately and from the heart. She empowered the audience, from children to adults to use whatever talent they had, whatever they loved to do to help move the needle on a healthy ocean and healthy planet. Learn more and access video of the Q&A session here: Sylvia Earle, Center for the Blue Economy presentation.
Ten Nations Collaborate at First Annual Oceans Symposium
The Center for the Blue Economy hosted the first annual, “Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium: Seeking Consensus on Definitions and Standards,” on October 25-29, 2015 at the Asilomar Conference grounds. Twenty-six representatives from ten nations (US, China, Korea, Canada, Ireland, Spain, Australia, the Philippines, Indonesia and France) joined in what was a truly unprecedented discussion on the definition and measurement of the ocean economy and the blue economy within national income accounting frameworks. “Our goal in focusing on national accounts is to measure our ocean economy and blue sub-sector and be able to present data about those economies. Such data will allow us to monitor change over time and influence policy setting that is important to marine and coastal ecosystem services for the benefit of people and sustainability, " said Dr. Mark Spalding reflecting on the symposium in his role as President of the Ocean Foundation, CBE Senior Fellow, and symposium participant.
The Center for the Blue Economy signs an MOU with the Korea Maritime Institute
On October 29th, 2015, as part of the closing day of the "Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium," a gathering of 26 leaders from ten nations to discuss the ocean economy led by the Center for the Blue Economy, Dr. Jeff Dayton-Johnson, Vice President of Academic Affairs and Dean of the Middlebury Institute of International Studies and Dr. Sung-Gwi Kim, President of the Korea Maritime Institute signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) marking plans for future collaboration between the two institutions.
Volume Two of the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics Published
The Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics publishes research related to the theory and practice of applying economic perspectives to the understanding of ocean and coastal resources. Volume two features a research article on artificial reef environments in the Florida Keys, and two application papers (short papers that report on the results of applied economics studies). The first considers whether the current “state of the art” of environmental valuation is suitable for producing policy-relevant estimates of the benefits or costs of changes in marine and coastal ecosystems. The second develops and tests a software modeling approach to help address future values on wetlands that will be created when sea levels rise.
The Center for the Blue Economy welcomes Dr. Brendan P. Kelly as CBE Senior Fellow
The Center for the Blue Economy welcomes Dr. Brendan P. Kelly in his new and dual roles of CBE Senior Fellow and Executive Director of SEARCH: the Study of Environmental Arctic Change. Although Dr. Kelly is employed by the International Arctic Research Center at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, pursuing duties as both SEARCH Executive Director and adviser to the Center for Arctic Policy Studies, he will have a "home base" and added title of CBE Senior Fellow, an arrangement that offers collaborative benefits between the two institutions. The timing is perfect to have Dr. Kelly available on campus to share his extensive Arctic expertise with the staff, faculty and students of the Middlebury Institute. The CBE's National Ocean Economic Program is expanding its research on economic activity in the Arctic with an eye to how this activity will impact the already shifting natural environment, and the CBE hopes to launch a course on Arctic economics and policy in the spring. The Senior Fellow appointment has an added benefit for Dr. Kelly, allowing him to maintain his residence on a boat in the Monterey harbor with a short commute by bicycle to his CBE office. We welcome Dr. Kelly to the vibrant Middlebury Institute community and look forward to collaborating with him in the year ahead.
Dr. Charles Colgan, CBE Director of Research and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics made a presentation on the CBE's research on sea level rise economic vulnerability indices to the coastal zone management program staff for Alaska, Washington, Oregon, and California. The directors of the five National Estuarine Research Reserves were also there.
CBE Director Jason Scorse reports on his work with the Chinese National Marine Data and Information Service and the Korean Maritime Institute (KMI)
"I completed a 1-month trip to Asia this summer that included stops in China and Korea to visit our partners. I gave lectures on “The Blue Economy 2.0” and met with many staff and researchers at the Chinese National Marine Data Center and the Korean Maritime Institute (KMI) to discuss increased collaboration. The results exceeded my expectations, as both the Chinese and Koreans expressed their desire to host subsequent international symposia in 2016 and 2017 (to build on our fall symposium), to collaborate on JOCE, and enlist the CBE for new research initiatives. Details are still being worked out, but during the October symposium we will have an official MOU signing between the CBE and KMI." Our thanks to Maren Farnum for helping with the "Blue Economy 2.0" presentation.
The CBE welcomes Patrick Cotter and the CIBOLI project
Patrick Cotter is a new Adjunct Professor in the MIIS International Environmental Policy program, teaching Marine Pollution. Mr. Cotter worked for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of International and Tribal Affairs in Washington, DC. and represented EPA’s interests on the U.S. delegations to the London Convention/London Protocol on ocean dumping, the Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL), the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region (Cartagena Convention), and other marine pollution treaties under the jurisdiction of the UN’s International Maritime Organization.
In addition, Mr. Cotter and Professor Lyuba Zarky have developed an exciting new opportunity for our students: the Clean Blue Ocean Leadership Initiative or CBOLI. Through CBOLI, they will convene a mock delegation of MIIS students as observers to attend Conferences of the Parties working on international treaties. This real-life experience will show MIIS students how nations develop sustainable solutions to environmental issues. Students participating in the delegation will have first-hand knowledge of what might be expected of them as professionals working on the development of international environmental policies. We are very excited to have Mr. Cotter as an addition to our faculty, and hope that many students will take advantage of the CIBOLI opportunity. To find out more, contact Patrick Cotter at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Stimson Center is launching a global effort to counter illegal fishing and safeguard marine protected areas. The project is supported by National Geographic and aims to reduce overlap and duplication in global efforts, as well as encourage new partnerships, and leverage existing and future resources in international maritime enforcement. The research will be compiled into a publicly accessible database to benefit both capacity building providers and partners around the world. Among other things, this database will help current or prospective donors understand the enforcement capacity and existing programs of a given country, and will help countries identify potential partners or assistance programs to enforce their maritime domains.
The CBE partners with The Nature Conservancy on Coastal Climate Change
The Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC) have entered into an exciting partnership this summer. The two organizations will work together to improve the understanding of the economic costs and benefits of coastal management related to sea level rise and climate change adaptation. This work will support innovative coastal climate change adaptation solutions for California and beyond. Read More
The Korean Maritime Institute Generously Donates to the CBE Symposium
The Korean Maritime Institute (KMI) has generously donated ten thousand dollars toward sponsorship of "Oceans in International Income Accounts," an invitation-only symposium hosted by the Center for the Blue Economy this October. The goal of the symposium is to build international consensus and create a uniform and standardized set of measurements for the ocean and coastal economies around the world. Read More
Dr. Charles Colgan presents at "Fostering Climate Resilient Coastal Communities," hosted by UC Irvine.
On Wednesday, July 22, Dr. Colgan gave a presentation entitled "Economics of Climate Resilience in Coastal Communities in ±12 minutes," at the UC Irvine hosted two-day workshop on Fostering Climate Resilient Coastal Communities. His talk focused on the impacts of coastal sea level rise (property damage, social vulnerability, infrastructure, regional economic vulnerability) and the responses that communities need to foster (understanding the benefits and costs of adaptation solutions, building resilient regional rconomies, and finding the money to enact the best decisions.) The photo to the left is the Washington, D.C. Jefferson Memorial after a major flooding event roughly ten years ago. Dr. Colgan was on site the day after this photo was taken.
The CBE Applauds Dr. Elizabeth Madin
On July 9th, the CBE team welcomed Dr. Elizabeth Madin, a postdoctoral fellow funded jointly by World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Australian Research Council (ARC) based in Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia. The photo above shows (left to right) Yunguang (YG) Chen, CBE Research Associate, Maren Farnum, CBE Research Associate, Dr. Elizabeth Madin, and Pat Johnston, CBE/NOEP Data Manager. Dr. Madin’s research runs along two lines currently: The effects of human behavior on fish populations in the Great Barrier Reef and how predation risk shapes seascapes, and she is doing really innovate work. Read More
Maren Farnum is a May 2015 graduate of the International Environmental Policy program here at MIIS. She has transitioned from her role as a student research assistant at the Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) to a full-time summer position as a Research Associate and Data Analyst.
Maren will be representing the CBE in a regional coastal climate change working group (name to be determined) led by The Nature Conservancy, with representatives from Stanford University’s Center for Ocean Solutions, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, and the Moss Landing Marine Labs’ Central Coast Wetlands Group. The goal is to serve as a "one-stop shop" to supply local governments and planners with the appropriate tools and guidance to incorporate climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies into coastal zone planning and permitting processes.
In addition, Maren will be conducting research to identify how economic and climate change data is used in key local decision points. She will analyze the processes for coastal climate change adaptation and mitigation at the county and city levels within the Monterey Bay area, specifically Santa Cruz & Monterey Counties.
Dr. Lili Ding is from Shandong University of Science and Technology, where she teaches game theory, procurement management, and supply chain management. We are pleased to welcome Dr. Ding to the CBE as a Visiting Scholar. Dr. Ding will conduct research on incorporating the marine economy and environmental protection into the coastal permit and auction process in China.
In many countries, if the developers want coastal spaces for commercial use, they have to apply for a coastal permit through the government or regional council. In this process there are two participants: the government and the developer. From the government’s view, it needs an efficient and transparent market to allocate development rights via coastal permits. In China, there are two common ways permits are granted: bargaining and auctioning. Auctions are good for coastal resource utilization and good for productivity, however, the issuing of coastal permits via auction is not done frequently, which is different from food, merchandise and so on. When developers exploit the coastal space, some activities may destroy the marine environment. Thus, Dr. Ding plans to build a hybrid auction framework that incorporates both coastal permits and a sustainable marine ecosystem.
Dr. Mike McGinnis moderates the "Ocean Planet" panel at first annual Bay Area Book festival
On June 6, Dr. Mike McGinnis, CBE faculty member, moderated the “Ocean Planet” panel at the first annual Bay Area Book Festival featuring Wallace J. Nichols (Blue Mind), David Helvarg (Saved by the Sea), Steve Palumbi (The Extreme Life of the Sea), and John Weller (The Last Ocean).
You can see the Ocean Planet panel video here: http://baybookfest.org/content/schedule/videos.html
The CBE applauds the Coastal Climate Adaptation Chapter of the MARINE network and UCSC for hosting a screening of the documentary "Sand Wars." The film points out a critical issue for our coasts, namely the disappearance of beaches and entire communities because of a combination of unbridled extraction of ocean sand and the trapping of sediment behind dams. Dr. Gary Griggs of UCSC is featured in the film, and gave a presentation about CEMEX, the sand extraction company based right here in Monterey Bay. It is the only sand plant in the country, and collects roughly 200,000 tons of sand from our protected marine environment each year, potentially disrupting the natural re-nourishing of Monterey beaches and costing millions in eroded beaches and lost tourist revenue. Two of our graduate students have written a working paper about the potential non-market costs of the CEMEX plant: "Lapis Sand Dollars."
"The Blue Vision Summit brings ocean conservation leaders together in Washington DC every two years to network, build the blue movement and meet with the Administration and Congress to restore the blue in our red, white and blue." From May 11-14, some 500 people from local, regional and national groups, scientists, explorers and others attended the Summit at the Carnegie Institute. The second day of this event was dedicated to panels stressing the importance of a healthy ocean. Judy Kildow, Director of our NOEP at the CBE, organized and chaired one of those panels on the New Blue Economy, with the assistance of Mark Spalding, Director of the Ocean Foundation and Senior Fellow with the CBE. Judy began with an introduction to the many definitions of the New Blue Economy, but focused on the definition as one of a sustainable economy that sought to maintain a healthy ocean. Her other panelists representing model industries that are investing in best practices for ocean stewardship, were Bill Dewey, spokesperson for Taylor Shellfish Company in Washington and Matthew Arms, Associate Director for Environment, Port of Long Beach. Mark Spalding concluded by pointing out some of the outstanding fisheries issues that needed addressing and providing a summary of major points that were made by the panelists, and questions that were addressed by the large audience that overflowed the large room where the panel made its presentation.
Dr. Charles Colgan attends the Coastal Symposium
On May 26-28, Dr. Charles Colgan, CBE Director of Research attended the Coastal Symposium 15 in San Diego, CA. This meeting brought together federal, state, and local agencies involved in Sea Level Rise research along with academic institutions and nonprofit organizations. CBE is developing a number of projects to help governments understand and use economic information in making adaptation decisions and the conference provided a number of connections to the large and diverse community of people in California dealing with sea level rise. Among those presenting was MIIS graduate Kelly Malinowski (MAIEP "13), who works for the California Coastal Conservancy.
The CBE thanks the sponsors of our upcoming "Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium," October 25-29, at the Asilomar Conference Grounds
The Loker Foundation, the Ocean Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Korean Maritime Institute, the Chinese National Marine Data Center, and Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia have given generously in support of the "Oceans in National Income Accounts Symposium," October 25-29, at the Asilomar Conference Grounds.
The invitation-only symposium will bring together many of the more than 20 nations that have created ocean economy accounts in Europe, Asia, and North America. The goal is to clearly define the parameters and methodologies for measuring the ocean and coastal economies, and to draft a document outlining areas of agreement and items for further discussion in measuring ocean accounts. The hope is to one day estimate a Global Ocean Product that demonstrates the value and importance of the oceans to the entire world economy.
Announcing the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics
After many years of planning, the CBE is thrilled to have officially launched the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics (JOCE) in April of 2015. JOCE is a peer-reviewed, open access online journal that publishes research on the theory and practice of economics as applied to ocean and coastal resources. Read More
Navigating Wicked Marine Problems
This spring the CBE, in partnership with the MARINE network, helped MIIS to launch an innovative new 8-week course within the MAIEP program on the issue of complex or "wicked" marine problems. The course will be taught by MIIS faculty Dr. Michael McGinnis, and Moss Landing Marine Lab faculty Dr. Alison Stimpert. Read More
How will U.S. coastal areas finance and manage adaptation to the consequences of a changing climate? Adaptation will require hundreds of billions of dollars in investment by both the public and private sectors in new infrastructure and rethinking how humans live and work in the coastal environment. On April 16th at the Middlebury College Washington D.C. office, a lively discussion ensued as the panel and audience considered new approaches to understanding the economic foundations of America’s coasts in a changing world. Tony MacDonald, Director of the Urban Coast Institute at Monmouth University served as the moderator, Dr. Charles Colgan, CBE Director of Research gave the session overview, and the panelists included:
* Michael Conathan, Director of Ocean Policy, Center for American Progress
* Frank Nutter, President, Reinsurance Association of America
* Dr. Robert Kopp, Rutgers University / American Climate Prospectus
* Josh Sawislak, Associate Director for Climate Preparedness at White House Council on Environmental Quality
Listen to the panel discussion by clicking the links below:
Dr. Charles Colgan is no ordinary economist. He created the unique ocean economics methodology with consistent time series data that became the hallmark of the National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP), used by over 20 countries around the world. Taking on a new role as CBE's Director of Research in January of 2015, Dr. Colgan hit the ground running, making the rounds in Sacramento to policy makers with updated statistics on the California ocean economy, and launching the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics (JOCE) in April of 2015. Dr. Colgan is actively seeking grant funding for the Center, and drafting our five year research plan. We are proud to have Dr. Charles Colgan at the CBE!
We Mourn the Loss of Colleague Nancy Olsen
Nancy Olsen, alumna of the Institute and highly regarded member of the Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) team, passed away on January 15, 2015 after a long battle with cancer. Nancy graduated in May of 2013 with a MA degree in International Environmental Policy (IEP). Later that year she joined the Institute’s Center for the Blue Economy as Managing Editor of the Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics (JOCE). She will be missed by all of us.
Learn More: Nancy's life and working papers