The pillage of the world’s oceans represents threats to vital U.S. and global economic, environmental and security interests. There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that our oceans are the world’s largest crime scene due to rampant illegal fishing, increased piracy, trafficking of drugs, arms, and persons, and growing conflict over fishing grounds. Johan Bergenäs, Director of the Partnerships in Security and Development Program at the Stimson Center and co-author of “Secure Oceans” gave a presentation that was enthusiastically received by an engaged audience on this complex topic followed by a lively panel discussion on how best to amplify, accelerate and strengthen the global response to protecting our oceans. Video of the event is now posted, and the Power Point slides and more information are below.
Lecture, Panel Discussion, and Reception held on Tuesday, November 1
Irvine Auditorium, Middlebury Institute of International Studies
499 Pierce Street, Monterey, CA 93940
6:00pm to 8:00pm
About the Topic:
Roughly one billion people rely on the world’s oceans for fish as their primary source of animal protein, and an estimated 880 million people rely on it for their livelihoods. Rising economic powers such as China have seen fish consumption rates increase 6 percent annually on average since 1990. As fishing fleets deplete stocks and expand operations to every corner of the ocean, global demand for their catch only continues to grow alongside increasing populations worldwide. Countries like China worry that a shortage of fish could trigger societal instability among its growing population. In short, there are conservation, geostrategic, economic and security reasons to make our oceans safer and to fight crimes on the seas.
About the Speaker
Director of the Partnerships in Security and Development Program at the Stimson Center
Johan Bergenas is a Senior Associate and Director of the Partnerships in Security and Development Program. One of Bergenas' current primary focus is "natural security" – the interlinkages between environmental challenges and U.S. national and global security – as well as on technology and public-private sector partnerships. His background cuts across a wide range of transnational security challenges - from WMD proliferation, terrorism and transnational organized crime.
About the Moderator
Director of the Center for the Blue Economy
Jason Scorse is the Director of the Center for the Blue Economy (CBE) and Chair of the International Environmental Policy (IEP) program at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey. He completed his Ph.D. in Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics at UC-Berkley in 2005 with a focus on environmental economics and policy, international development, and behavioral economics. Upon graduation, he joined the faculty of the Monterey Institute of International Studies, was promoted to Chair in 2009, and launched the CBE in 2011. He teaches courses in environmental and natural resource economics, ocean and coastal economics, and sustainable development. Professor Scorse consults for major environmental organizations, including the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and the Sierra Club.
About the Panelists
Captain Timothy (Tim) Doorey, US Navy (Retired)
Maritime Security Program Manager and Lecturer, Center for Civil-Military Relations, Naval Postgraduate School
Captain Timothy Doorey is a lecturer for the Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR). In that capacity he travels extensively around the world providing executive education programs to allies and partners on counter-terrorism, anti-piracy, maritime security, cyber threats and inter-agency efforts against organized crime. Prior to joining CCMR, he served for 28 years in naval intelligence in various tactical, operational and national-level assignments. His last assignment on active duty was as the Naval Postgraduate School’s (NPS) Senior Intelligence Officer, where he developed and taught graduate-level intelligence courses and mentored mid-career U.S. and allied officers from all services. Prior to coming to NPS, he was assigned to the Pentagon’s Joint Staff Intelligence Directorate.
During his Navy career, Captain Doorey provided intelligence support for U.S. and coalition military operations in Beirut, Lebanon (1982-1984), Grenada (1983), El Salvador and Panama (1987-1989) and Iraq and Afghanistan during the first Gulf War and following 9/11. From 1995 to 1998, he was Special Assistant to NATO's Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic and Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command. His sea duty assignments included, Senior Intelligence Officer on the aircraft carrier USS CARL VINSON (CVN-70); Senior Air Wing Intelligence Officer for Carrier Air Wing Seven (CVW-7) onboard the aircraft carrier USS GEORGE WASHINGTON (CVN-73) during its maiden deployment and in support of the United Nation’s peacekeepers in Bosnia (UNPROFOR) and OPERATION SOUTHERN WATCH over Iraq; and as the Squadron Intelligence Officer with Attack Squadron 176 onboard the USS Independence (CV-62).
CAPT Doorey was awarded Masters’ degrees in National Security Affairs and Strategic Studies from the Naval Postgraduate School (1986) and the Naval War College (2002). He was also the Navy’s Federal Executive Fellow to Harvard University's John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies in 1998-1999.
About the Panelists
Captain Wayne Porter, US Navy (Retired)
Wayne Porter holds a PhD in Information Sciences and two Masters of Science degrees – in Computer Science and Joint C4I Systems Technology - from the Naval Postgraduate School. Military duty included Japan, England, Italy, the Balkans, Bahrain (Navy’s Director of Intelligence in the Persian Gulf/East Africa), and three tours on the personal staff of ADM Mike Mullen, including Special Assistant for Strategy to both the Chief of Naval Operations and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. He is a “Walton Fellow” at Arizona State University’s Global Institute of Sustainability and recently served as Chair, Systemic Strategy and Complexity at Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, Calif. He retired from the Navy in July 2014 after 28 years of military service.
He co-authored, with Colonel Mark Mykleby, “A National Strategic Narrative,” published by the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars with a forward by Dr. Anne-Marie Slaughter. A National Strategic Narrative has been cited by Pulitzer Award winning author Tom Friedman, CNN commentator Fareed Zakaria, former UK Secretary for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs David Miliband, former Foreign Minister of Israel Shlomo Ben Ami, among many others. Wayne’s writings have appeared in the Harvard Business Review, Journal of American Foreign Policy Interests, The HotSpring Quarterly, Washington Times, and Naval Institute Proceedings.
About the Panelists
Mr. Robert Mazurek, Director of the Secure Fisheries Program at the One Earth Future Foundation
Robert Mazurek is the Director of the Secure Fisheries Program at the One Earth Future Foundation. Secure Fisheries employs a science-based approach to combat illegal fishing and support sustainable fisheries by strengthening maritime policies, engaging in community-supported projects, and fostering regional collaboration and coordination among stakeholders. Secure Fisheries co-chairs the fisheries crime pillar of the Indian Ocean Forum on Maritime Crime, which brings together fisheries managers and law enforcement officers to better coordinate transnational response to fisheries crime in the Indian Ocean region. Robert is also working with the U.S. State Department and the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime in coordinating the collection and dissemination of illegal fishing information by naval forces. This collaboration will be formally announced by John Kerry at the Our Ocean conference in September.
Previously, Robert managed science and policy for the Pew Charitable Trust’s Global Ocean Legacy program, working with governments and ocean scientists to create the first generation of oceanic-scale marine reserves. Robert also advised the Resources Law Group and the state of California in the implementation of the California Marine Life Protection Act and the management of the state’s network of more than one hundred marine protected areas. Additionally, Robert helped the Monterey Bay Aquarium to design and launch its renowned Seafood Watch Program. Robert is on the Board of Directors for Clean Oceans International.
We thank our Sponsors:
We thank the Nancy Eccles and Homer M. Hayward Family Foundation and the Monterey Area Research Institutions’ Network for Education (MARINE) consortium led by the Center for Ocean Solutions (COS) co-sponsoring this event.